ASUSM51Ta & Linux: Enjoy Hybrid Graphics with switcheroo


Update 18/03/2014: I'm sad to announce I no longer have this computer nor any PC with hybrid graphics... My ASUSM51Ta passed away, so I no longer could compile kernels and test things on hybrid graphics. As far as I know this technology is already supported more easily Hybrid Graphics Wiki.

First of all, this HowTo is intended to people like me with almost no knowledge about compiling and patching kernels. Also to people that may want to share their experience using the vga_switcheroo (now included in kernel 2.6.35 onwards) from David Airlie with their own machines with switchable graphics.


If you want to test this HowTo on your computer, please post your experience at the mailing list of https://launchpad.net/%7Ehybrid-graphics-linux

For more info about hybrid graphics consult:
http://linux-hybrid-graphics.blogspot.com/


Notes:





GNU/Linux used: Fedora / Ubuntu
Machine: ASUS M51Ta
Graphic card configuration:
- Integrated: 01:05.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc RS780M/RS780MN [Radeon HD 3200 Graphics]
- Discrete: 02:00.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc Mobility Radeon HD 3650



[10/11/2010] Fedora 14 / Ubuntu 10.10 + vga_switcheroo + switch scripts

(0) Install Fedora 14 / Ubuntu 10.10, install needed packages & download icons

(0.1) Burn a CD or make a bootable USB with your fabourite distribution and install it on your laptop.


Fedora 14





Ubuntu 10.10




(0.2) Install the following packages from the command line and download icons:


$ sudo yum update
$ sudo yum install wget gxmessage libnotify-bin
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh4.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVcEfaiI/AAAAAAAAAIA/Pguy_uSeqSk/s800/hardware_down.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVSO0JbI/AAAAAAAAAIE/_mdAnW7UiCQ/s800/hardware_up.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh4.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/TNbQXzK6hrI/AAAAAAAAAJ8/YlqK46MusuE/s800/hardware.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S41DjuMt_MI/AAAAAAAAAF4/5pQm2-dX6Sg/s800/switch_before_shutdown.png



$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install wget gxmessage libnotify-bin
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh4.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVcEfaiI/AAAAAAAAAIA/Pguy_uSeqSk/s800/hardware_down.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVSO0JbI/AAAAAAAAAIE/_mdAnW7UiCQ/s800/hardware_up.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh4.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/TNbQXzK6hrI/AAAAAAAAAJ8/YlqK46MusuE/s800/hardware.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S41DjuMt_MI/AAAAAAAAAF4/5pQm2-dX6Sg/s800/switch_before_shutdown.png


(1) Mount "none" partition on fstab (just on Fedora, Ubuntu does it by default)


$ sudo gedit /etc/fstab
And add the following line:
none                    /sys/kernel/debug debugfs defaults 0 0


(2) Change switch file permissions every time computer initiates


$ sudo gedit /etc/rc.d/rc.local
And add the following lines:

chown "username" /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch # change "username" with your user name
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch


$ sudo gedit /etc/rc.local
And add the following lines:

chown "username" /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch # change "username" with your user name
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch


(3) Reboot & copy and run script to switch between graphic cards

switch_between_cards.sh

#!/bin/bash
# "switch_between_cards.sh" script by RM, with useful changes from LoLL
# version 20101107

pci_integrated=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '1p' | cut -f 1 -d " ")
pci_discrete=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '2p' | cut -f 1 -d " ")

integrated=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch | grep $pci_integrated | grep -o -P ':.:...:')
discrete=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch | grep $pci_discrete | grep -o -P ':.:...:')

name_integrated=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '1p' | sed -e "s/.* VGA compatible controller[ :]*//g" | sed -e "s/ Corporation//g" | sed -e "s/ Technologies Inc//g" | sed -e 's/\[[0-9]*\]: //g' | sed -e 's/\[[0-9:a-z]*\]//g' | sed -e 's/(rev [a-z0-9]*)//g' | sed -e "s/ Integrated Graphics Controller//g")

name_discrete=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '2p' | sed -e "s/.* VGA compatible controller[ :]*//g" | sed -e "s/ Corporation//g" | sed -e "s/ Technologies Inc//g" | sed -e 's/\[[0-9]*\]: //g' | sed -e 's/\[[0-9:a-z]*\]//g' | sed -e 's/(rev [a-z0-9]*)//g' | sed -e "s/ Integrated Graphics Controller//g")

if [ "$integrated" = ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
integrated_condition="(*) - Power ON"
elif [ "$integrated" = ": :Pwr:" ]
then
integrated_condition="( ) - Power ON"
elif [ "$integrated" = ": :Off:" ]
then
integrated_condition="( ) - Power OFF"
fi

if [ "$discrete" = ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
discrete_condition="(*) - Power ON"
elif [ "$discrete" = ": :Pwr:" ]
then
discrete_condition="( ) - Power ON"
elif [ "$discrete" = ": :Off:" ]
then
discrete_condition="( ) - Power OFF"
fi

gxmessage -center \
-buttons "_Cancel":1,"switch to _Integrated":101,"switch to _Discrete":102 \
-wrap \
-title "Choose Hybrid Graphic Card" \
"Choose Hybrid Graphic Card
=================
Integrated: $integrated_condition : $name_integrated
Discrete: $discrete_condition : $name_discrete"


whichCard=$?

case "$whichCard" in

1)
echo "Exit"
;;
101)
if [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo DIGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
if [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "openbox" ]
then
killall -u "$USER"
elif [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "gnome" ]
then
gnome-session-save --logout
fi
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Off:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
echo DIGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
if [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "openbox" ]
then
killall -u "$USER"
elif [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "gnome" ]
then
gnome-session-save --logout
fi
elif [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Off:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "already switched to $name_integrated"
fi
;;
102)
if [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo DDIS > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
if [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "openbox" ]
then
killall -u "$USER"
elif [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "gnome" ]
then
gnome-session-save --logout
fi
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
elif [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Off:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
echo DDIS > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
if [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "openbox" ]
then
killall -u "$USER"
elif [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "gnome" ]
then
gnome-session-save --logout
fi
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Off:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "already switched to $name_discrete"
fi
;;
esac


(4) OPTIONAL: Script to turn off laptop

This next script is used to turn off the computer. Because, in my case, if I turn off the computer without switching on both cards (specially when the integrated card is on and the discrete card is off), the fan runs at full speed when I turn it on again, stoping only after rebooting. Hence, to avoid this, this other launcher can be used to turn off the computer:

switch_before_shutdown.sh

#!/bin/bash

if [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "openbox" ]
then
gxmessage "Are you sure you want to shut down your computer?" -center -title "Take action" -font "Sans bold 10" -default "Cancel" -buttons "_Cancel":1,"L_ock screen":101,"_Log out":102,"_Reboot":103,"_Shut down":104

case $? in

1)
echo "Exit";;
101)
xscreensaver-command -lock;;
102)
killall openbox;;
103)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch;
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -r now';;
104)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -h now';;
esac

elif [ "$DESKTOP_SESSION" = "gnome" ]
then

gxmessage "Are you sure you want to shut down your computer?" -center -title "Take action" -font "Sans bold 10" -default "Cancel" -buttons "_Cancel":1,"L_ock screen":101,"_Log out":102,"_Reboot":103,"_Shut down":104

case $? in

1)
echo "Exit";;
101)
gnome-screensaver-command -l;;
102)
gnome-session-save --logout;;
103)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch;
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -r now';;
104)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -h now';;
esac

fi


I tested this HowTo on my laptop with Fedora 14 (x64) and Ubuntu 10.10 (x32). Please write me if you find any errors or have any sugestion to modify and improve this HowTo.




[05/11/2010] Fedora 14 / Ubuntu 10.10 already with vgaswitcheroo!!

Good news!
From now on, if you want to use the vgaswitcheroo module you just have to install (or test from a Live CD/USB) Fedora 14 or Ubuntu 10.10 (sure, other distributions may also do the trick) and go directly to point "(2) Run the new kernel and test:" from previous post. That's all! I personally have installed in my laptop both Fedora and Ubuntu and they both work perfectly well although there are some differences in the scripts (when I have some time I'll make a specific HowTo for each of the new systems; in the meantime, please write me if you have any doubts). Good luck and I hope you enjoy your hybrid graphics on GNU/Linux!

So just download Fedora 14 or Ubuntu 10.10 and try it for yourself:

Fedora 14


Ubuntu 10.10




[28/05/2010] Fedora 13 + kernel 2.6.34 + vga_switcheroo + switch scripts


(0.a) Downloads:
kernel 2.6.34 and untar it to: ~/linuxKernels/
R600_rlc.bin and copy it to: /lib/firmware/radeon/
R700_rlc.bin and copy it to /lib/firmware/radeon/


Or, if you prefer everything from command line:
(0.b) Downloads:

$ su -c 'yum update'
$ su -c 'yum install wget'
$ mkdir ~/linuxKernels
$ wget -P ~/linuxKernels/ http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-2.6.34.tar.bz2
$ su -c 'wget -P /lib/firmware/radeon/ http://people.freedesktop.org/%7Eagd5f/radeon_ucode/R600_rlc.bin'
$ su -c 'wget -P /lib/firmware/radeon/ http://people.freedesktop.org/%7Eagd5f/radeon_ucode/R700_rlc.bin'
$ cd ~/linuxKernels/
$ tar -xvjf linux-2.6.34.tar.bz2


(1) Compile kernel with CONFIG_VGA_SWITCHEROO:

$ su -c 'yum install patch qt3-devel gcc-c++ libXi-devel mkinitrd' # install development tools + mkinitrd
$ cd ~/linuxKernels/linux-2.6.34/
$ make mrproper
$ cp /boot/config-"kernel" .config # in my case: "kernel" = 2.6.33.4-95.fc13.x86_64
$ make xconfig # select (-> Device Drivers -> Graphics support ->) Laptop Hybrid Grapics - GPU switching support (VGA_SWITCHEROO)
$ gedit Makefile # and change "EXTRAVERSION =" for "EXTRAVERSION = -vgaswitcheroo"
$ make clean
$ make -j4 bzImage # the -j specifies the number of jobs (commands) to run simultaneously; put your number of CPUs x 2
$ make -j4 modules
$ su -c 'make -j4 modules_install'
$ su -c 'make -j4 install'


(2) Run the new kernel and test:

$ su
$ mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
$ cd /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo
$ cat switch # to see which card is active
$ echo DDIS > switch # to go to discrete card (log off and then log in after this command)
$ echo DIGD > switch # to go to integrated card (log off and then log in after this command)
$ echo OFF > switch # to just power off the card you aren't using


(3) Switch & logout scripts & launchers
First of all, to use these new scripts & launchers you will need the following package:

$ su -c 'yum install gxmessage'

Also, the /etc/fstab should be changed so that it mounts automatically the /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/ so that we can use the switch file inside it. So we must:

$ su -c 'gedit /etc/fstab'
And add the following line:
none                    /sys/kernel/debug debugfs defaults 0 0
And then, we must change switch file permissions permanently every time the computer initiates:
su -c 'gedit /etc/rc.d/rc.local'
And add the following line:
chown "username" /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch # change "username" with your user name


Ok, so now we are ready to use the launchers and scripts. The first desktop launcher is used to switch between the graphic cards directly from your desktop, and the logout launcher is needed to turn off the computer (see below for details of why it is needed on my case). They work great on my laptop ASUS M51Ta. Each of the launchers calls a script that is detailled below. It would be a good idea to copy the scripts to /home/"username"/bin/ so that they are executable from any directory and copy the icons into /home/"username"/.local/share/icons/:

$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh4.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVcEfaiI/AAAAAAAAAIA/Pguy_uSeqSk/s800/hardware_down.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S-MGVSO0JbI/AAAAAAAAAIE/_mdAnW7UiCQ/s800/hardware_up.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh6.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S36ugEZX1PI/AAAAAAAAACs/UQUdr5cow90/s800/hardware.png
$ wget -P /home/"$USER"/.local/share/icons/ http://lh5.ggpht.com/_Dw3SC8gD9Jk/S41DjuMt_MI/AAAAAAAAAF4/5pQm2-dX6Sg/s800/switch_before_shutdown.png

To switch between graphic cards the following launcher is used:


switch_between_cards.desktop


[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Encoding=UTF-8
Name=switch between cards
Exec=/"location of script"/switch_between_cards.sh
# change "location of script" with location of script described below
Type=Application
Categories=Other;
Icon=/"location"/hardware.png
# change "location" with the location of the icon
Terminal=false


switch_between_cards.sh


#!/bin/bash
# "switch_between_cards.sh" script by RM, with useful changes from LoLL
# version 20100528

pci_integrated=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '1p' | cut -f 1 -d " ")
pci_discrete=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '2p' | cut -f 1 -d " ")

integrated=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch | grep $pci_integrated | grep -o -P ':.:...:')
discrete=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch | grep $pci_discrete | grep -o -P ':.:...:')

name_integrated=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '1p' | sed -e "s/.* VGA compatible controller[ :]*//g" | sed -e "s/ Corporation//g" | sed -e "s/ Technologies Inc//g" | sed -e 's/\[[0-9]*\]: //g' | sed -e 's/\[[0-9:a-z]*\]//g' | sed -e 's/(rev [a-z0-9]*)//g' | sed -e "s/ Integrated Graphics Controller//g")

name_discrete=$(lspci | grep VGA | sed -n '2p' | sed -e "s/.* VGA compatible controller[ :]*//g" | sed -e "s/ Corporation//g" | sed -e "s/ Technologies Inc//g" | sed -e 's/\[[0-9]*\]: //g' | sed -e 's/\[[0-9:a-z]*\]//g' | sed -e 's/(rev [a-z0-9]*)//g' | sed -e "s/ Integrated Graphics Controller//g")

if [ "$integrated" = ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
integrated_condition="(*) - Power ON"
elif [ "$integrated" = ": :Pwr:" ]
then
integrated_condition="( ) - Power ON"
elif [ "$integrated" = ": :Off:" ]
then
integrated_condition="( ) - Power OFF"
fi

if [ "$discrete" = ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
discrete_condition="(*) - Power ON"
elif [ "$discrete" = ": :Pwr:" ]
then
discrete_condition="( ) - Power ON"
elif [ "$discrete" = ": :Off:" ]
then
discrete_condition="( ) - Power OFF"
fi

gxmessage -center \
-buttons "_Cancel":1,"switch to _Integrated":101,"switch to _Discrete":102 \
-wrap \
-title "Choose Hybrid Graphic Card" \
"Choose Hybrid Graphic Card
=================
Integrated: $integrated_condition : $name_integrated
Discrete: $discrete_condition : $name_discrete"


whichCard=$?

case "$whichCard" in

1)
echo "Exit"
;;
101)
if [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo DIGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
killall -u "$USER" # or gnome-session-save --logout
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Off:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "switching to $name_integrated"
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
echo DIGD > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
killall -u "$USER" # or gnome-session-save --logout
elif [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Off:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_down.png" "already switched to $name_integrated"
fi
;;
102)
if [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo DDIS > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
killall -u "$USER" # or gnome-session-save --logout
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo OFF > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
elif [ "$integrated" == ":+:Pwr:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ": :Off:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "switching to $name_discrete"
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
echo DDIS > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
killall -u "$USER" # or gnome-session-save --logout
elif [ "$integrated" == ": :Off:" ] && [ "$discrete" == ":+:Pwr:" ]
then
notify-send -t 5000 --icon="/home/$USER/.local/share/icons/hardware_up.png" "already switched to $name_discrete"
fi
;;
esac


In this way, you can switch between graphic cards with just a couple of clicks. In this snapshot you can see the script showing the two hybrid graphic cards. The "(*)" symbol represents which card is currently being used and the Power ON/OFF indicates their power state. Have in mind that a graphic card can be ON but not currently being used... which of course we want to avoid. If you are using GNOME as graphical interface (instead of Openbox, like me), change al the instances of killall -u "$USER" by gnome-session-save --logout.



So, if you want to switch to the discrete card (in this case the HD3650), you just click "switch to Discrete", and a message will appear: "switchig to (name of discrete card)". Then the system will log off, and after you log in again the cards have switched.



Therefore, after loging out and login in, if you run again the script, it tells you which card is running "(*)":



If you try to switch to the current card being used (in this case HD3650) a message will tell you "already switched to that card":



And, of course, you can come back to the integrated card (running the script, choosing "switch to Integrated", and going through a log out and log in process):



This next launcher is used to turn off the computer. Because, in my case, if I turn off the computer without switching on both cards (specially when the integrated card is on and the discrete card is off), the fan runs at full speed when I turn it on again, stoping only after rebooting. Hence, to avoid this, this other launcher can be used to turn off the computer:


switch_before_shutdown.desktop


[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Encoding=UTF-8
Name=switch before shutdown
Exec=/"location of script"/switch_before_shutdown.sh
# change "location of script" with the location of the script described below
Type=Application
Categories=Other;
Icon=/"location"/switch_before_shutdown.png
# change "location" with the location of the icon
Terminal=false


switch_before_shutdown.sh


#!/bin/bash

gxmessage "Are you sure you want to shut down your computer?" -center -title "Take action" -font "Sans bold 10" -default "Cancel" -buttons "_Cancel":1,"L_ock screen":101,"_Log out":102,"_Reboot":103,"_Shut down":104

case $? in

1)
echo "Exit";;

101)
xscreensaver-command -lock;;

102)
killall -u "$USER";;

103)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch;
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -r now';;

104)
echo ON > /sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch
gnome-terminal -e 'sudo shutdown -h now';;

esac


And finally, enjoy your hybrid graphics!!


By the way, if you like my desktop, I use OpenBox with LXPanel and two conkys, one for the panel bar with a summary of CPUs, memory, network and hard disk functioning; and another one with more details in the desktop. Here are the conky files:


.conkyrc_bar

alignment top_right
background yes
border_margin 0
border_width 0
default_color grey
double_buffer yes
draw_borders no
draw_outline yes
draw_shades no
gap_x 290
gap_y -5
maximum_width 286
minimum_size 286
no_buffers yes
own_window yes
own_window_colour green
own_window_hints undecorated,below,sticky,skip_taskbar,skip_pager
own_window_transparent yes
own_window_type desktop
stippled_borders 0
total_run_times 0
update_interval 1
uppercase no
use_spacer yes

TEXT
${cpugraph cpu1 18,29 0092e6 0092e6}${cpugraph cpu2 18,29 0092e6 0092e6} ${memgraph 18,29 00b35b 00b35b} ${downspeedgraph 18,29 fce94f fce94f}${upspeedgraph 18,29 c4a000 c4a000} ${diskiograph_read /dev/sda1 18,29 c65000 c65000}${diskiograph_write /dev/sda1 18,29 ff6700 ff6700} ${diskiograph_read /dev/sda5 18,29 c65000 c65000}${diskiograph_write /dev/sda5 18,29 ff6700 ff6700}$color


.conkyrc_full

alignment top_right
background yes
border_margin 0
border_width 0
default_color grey
double_buffer yes
draw_borders no
draw_outline yes
draw_shades no
gap_x 0
gap_y 0
maximum_width 286
minimum_size 286
no_buffers yes
override_utf8_locale yes
own_window yes
own_window_colour green
own_window_hints undecorated,below,sticky,skip_taskbar,skip_pager
own_window_transparent yes
own_window_type desktop
stippled_borders 0
total_run_times 0
update_interval 1
uppercase no
use_spacer yes

TEXT
${battery_bar 10,20 BAT0} ${battery_percent BAT0}% ${iconv_start UTF-8 ISO_8859-1}[$desktop/$desktop_number] CPU: ${color green}${acpitemp}°C ${color}HDD: ${color green}${hddtemp /dev/sda 127.0.0.1 7634}°C $alignr$color${time %H:%M:%S}${iconv_stop}

${color green}SYSTEM ${hr 2}$color
$nodename $alignr$sysname $kernel $machine
Uptime:$alignr$uptime

${color green}CPU 0 ${hr 2}$color
${freq 1}MHz $alignr Load: ${loadavg}
${cpubar cpu1}
${cpugraph cpu1 004973 0092e6}
${color green}CPU 1 ${hr 2}$color
${freq 2}MHz $alignr Load: ${loadavg}
${cpubar cpu2}
${cpugraph cpu2 004973 0092e6}

${top pid 1} ${top name 1} ${top cpu 1}% CPU ${top mem 1}% MEM
${top pid 2} ${top name 2} ${top cpu 2}% CPU ${top mem 2}% MEM
${top pid 3} ${top name 3} ${top cpu 3}% CPU ${top mem 3}% MEM
${top pid 4} ${top name 4} ${top cpu 4}% CPU ${top mem 4}% MEM
${top pid 5} ${top name 5} ${top cpu 5}% CPU ${top mem 5}% MEM

${top_mem pid 1} ${top_mem name 1} ${top_mem mem_res 1} MEM ${top_mem mem 1}% MEM
${top_mem pid 2} ${top_mem name 2} ${top_mem mem_res 2} MEM ${top_mem mem 2}% MEM
${top_mem pid 3} ${top_mem name 3} ${top_mem mem_res 3} MEM ${top_mem mem 3}% MEM
${top_mem pid 4} ${top_mem name 4} ${top_mem mem_res 4} MEM ${top_mem mem 4}% MEM
${top_mem pid 5} ${top_mem name 5} ${top_mem mem_res 5} MEM ${top_mem mem 5}% MEM
Processes: $processes ${alignr}Running: $running_processes

${color green}MEMORY / DISK ${hr 2}$color
RAM: $mem/$memmax - $memperc%
${membar 6}$color
${memgraph 006333 00b35b}
swap: ${swap}/${swapmax} - $swapperc% ${swapbar 6}$color
sda1: ${fs_used /}/${fs_size /} - ${fs_used_perc /}% ${color green}${hr 1}$color
${fs_bar 6 /}$color
Read: ${diskio_read /dev/sda1} k/s ${alignr}Write: ${diskio_write /dev/sda1} k/s
${diskiograph_read /dev/sda1 25,140 5e2600 c65000} ${diskiograph_write /dev/sda1 25,140 823500 ff6700}
sda5: ${fs_used /home/"username"/CONTAINER/}/${fs_size /home/"username"/CONTAINER/} - ${fs_used_perc /home/"username"/CONTAINER}% ${color green}${hr 1}$color
${fs_bar 6 /home/"username"/CONTAINER}$color
Read: ${diskio_read /dev/sda5} k/s ${alignr}Write: ${diskio_write /dev/sda5} k/s
${diskiograph_read /dev/sda5 25,140 5e2600 c65000} ${diskiograph_write /dev/sda5 25,140 823500 ff6700}

${color green}NETWORK eth0 (${addr eth0}) ${hr 2}$color
Down: $color${downspeed eth0} k/s ${alignr}Up: ${upspeed eth0} k/s
${downspeedgraph eth0 20,140 8c822c fce94f} ${upspeedgraph eth0 20,140 705b00 c4a000}$color
Total: ${totaldown eth0} ${alignr}Total: ${totalup eth0}

${color green}NETWORK wlan0 (${addr wlan0}) ${hr 2}$color
Down: $color${downspeed wlan0} k/s ${alignr}Up: ${upspeed wlan0} k/s
${downspeedgraph wlan0 20,140 8c822c fce94f} ${upspeedgraph wlan0 20,140 705b00 c4a000}$color
Total: ${totaldown wlan0} ${alignr}Total: ${totalup wlan0}
Inbound: ${tcp_portmon 1 32767 count} Outbound: ${tcp_portmon 32768 61000 count}${alignr}Total: ${tcp_portmon 1 65535 count}

${color green}${hr 2}$color

Followers